The international community has made the fight against money laundering and the financing of terrorism a priority.
Money laundering is the process of concealing the illicit origin of proceeds of crimes. Terrorist financing is the collection or the provision of funds for terrorist purposes. “Terrorism” can be defined as the intentional and systematic use of actions designed to provoke terror in the public as a means to certain ends. Terrorism can be the act of an individual or a group of individuals acting in their individual capacity or with the support of a State. It may also be the act of a State, whether against the population (human rights violations such as forced labour, deportation, genocide, etc.), or in the context of an international armed conflict against the civil population of the enemy State. In the case of money laundering, the funds are always of illicit origin, whereas in the case of terrorist financing, funds can stem from both legal and illicit sources.
Money launderers and terrorist financiers exploit loopholes and differences among national AML/CFT systems and move their funds to or through jurisdictions with weak or ineffective legal and institutional frameworks.
Money laundering and the financing of terrorism are financial crimes with economic effects. Effective anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism regimes are essential to protect the integrity and stability in financial markets.
With regard to the sustainable growth, matter to which Intesa Sanpaolo Group pays great attention, it has to be highlighted that the “UN Sustainable Development Goals” call on countries to significantly reduce illicit financial flows by 2030.
Illicit financial flows refer to the movement of money across borders that is illegal in its source (e.g. corruption, smuggling), its transfer (e.g. tax evasion), or its use (e.g. terrorist financing).
Illicit financial flows constitute a major disabler to sustainable development. They can have a direct impact on a country’s ability to raise, retain and mobilise its own resources to finance sustainable development.
Intesa Sanpaolo implemented international/EU/national AML/CFT rules: